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SAT语法题型解析词之法

浏览:74 发表时间:2019-08-29 09:37:40

  词法和句法

  1、时态的考点为2道,特别要注意现在完成时和一般过去时的区别。

  2、代词考点为1道,涉及形容词性物主代词与主语的性数配合。

  e.g Mudskippers thrive in intertidal regions that are marked by regular, cyclicalchanges in water levels, adjusting its respiration depending on how muchwater is available. 其中的its应该改为their,因为该句的主语是mudskippers。

  3、比较结构这个题目出的挺好的,还涉及到助动词前提的问题。

  e.g It is widely known that wind turbinesproduce no pollution and thus cause less environmental damage than do powerplants that burn fossil fuels. 一般情况下我们都会这样写这个句子,注意划线的部分,less environmental damage than power plants that burn fossil fuels do. 但是在比较结构中,如果第二个主语过长例如powerplants that burn fossil fuels就过长,是可以把do前提的,所以这个句子是正确的。

  4、 介词考点为1道,主要是与名词的搭配。

  e.g In particular, bimodal respiration—the abilityof acquiring oxygen using gills or through wet skin—sets mudskippers apartfrom their purely water-based counterparts. 其中ability后面的搭配应该为abilityto acquire。

  5 、连词考点为9道,仍然是重头戏,5道为run-on句型,4道为平行结构。

  e.g The economy of Jeju has expanded toinclude farming and tourism, the reliance on the seafood industry is notas strong. 明显可以感觉到逗号是不可以链接句子的,所以需要在两句话中间加一个连词。

  e.g Rather than being activated atdifferent stages of the organism’s life cycle or under particular environmentalconditions, but these two modes of respiration are usedsimultaneously and at all stages of life. 该句的问题在于Ratherthan being activated at different stages of……是在做状语,这个句子的主干是thesetwo modes of respiration are used simultaneously and at all stages of life.是不缺少连词的,所以but的使用是多余的,需要去掉。


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